Garden bird control may need to be considered to protect your new vegetables or fruits from damage. On the other hand, birds are also very beneficial as they eat pests and fertilize the soil. When gardening in an organic way it makes sense to preserve as much of the natural eco system as possible, and only restrict bird access where absolutely necessary.
Sparrows, crows, pigeons, starlings...they'd all like to have a share of your harvest, or most of it. The target is mostly fruit, grains, seedlings and newly planted seeds. Yes, they watch while you plant seeds.
I have seen cuckoos swallow whole cherry tomatoes. Fortunately this fellow gardener had plenty of tomatoes to share, and that's one tactic that works - just grow enough for you and the birds.
Information about breeding chickens and other farm birds is fodder for a whole other web site. I'm only going to address bird keeping very briefly.
Poultry of any kind have a place in many vegetable gardens. Their job is to eat pests and process them into either eggs or fertilizer. Breeding chickens is also a very rewarding hobby.
Smaller birds do less damage while scratching and foraging. While geese, turkeys, large chooks and ducks are harmless in the orchard, it's a different story amongst the lettuce. Choosing breeds like the bantam chickens will help getting more benefit and less damage from the birds.
Bird screen or netting: A very effective way to exclude the birds is of course some kind of netting. Entire gardens or garden beds can be netted, or if you prefer, just an individual pot plant. I prefer to just net small areas of concern and let the birds forage as they wish everywhere else.
Remember to inspect your anti bird netting every day to discover and rescue any caught animals as soon as possible.
Kites: These are available through some outlets. A bird-of-prey silhouette is arranged above the vegetable garden or orchard to scare birds below who constantly keep a watchful eye on the sky for dangers. Don't subject your chickens to this kind of stress though.
Plastic snakes: Birds and other animals have a healthy respect for snakes. Toy snakes can be placed in strategic spots as bird repellents. It works well...even I get a fright in my garden sometimes. Move them around or the birds will eventually ignore them. They're not stupid you know.
If you live in an area that harbours dangerous snakes, please do double check that your toy snakes really are your toy snakes before picking them up. It's too easy to desensitise yourself and inadvertently turn off the warning bells that should chime at the sight of 'shiny sticks-like objects'.
Fur hat: When I grew up we placed grand dad's old black fur hat in the strawberry patch to scare the birds away. Move it often. I guess the fur hat looks like a cat to our friends in the trees.
Shiny objects: And I don't mean bullets either! Let's keep a level playing field. Something shiny and reflective which move in the wind spooks birds and they will move on. String up some old cd's or strips of foil.
Multiple smaller patches: If you have an acre of goodies there is a good chance birds are going to find it easily and come back in ever increasing numbers. You will have less need for garden bird control when plants are scattered or planted in smaller blocks that are more easily overlooked by our winged friends.
Always protect young seedlings. They're easily stood on or uprooted, and they're a tasty morsel to many birds, including your chickens.
Which birds are in your garden, and what naughtiness do they get up to? Share it!